10 Programming Languages to Use for Ethical Hacking in 2022

by Sayantani Sanyal

February 2, 2022

Programming languages

Programming languages are a crucial part of ethical hacking tasks and operations

Ethical hacking is currently one of the most sought-after skills for tech professionals. Even though hacking refers to the unlawful use or access to someone’s resources or information, ethical hacking is just the opposite. It refers to the process where professionals hack into the system with permission, without any malicious intent, and this process is referred to as ethical hacking. Integrating ethical hacking will facilitate the organization to have access to high levels of security in the existing infrastructure and provide instruction providing system accessibility and upholding its integrity at the same time. Nowadays, tech professionals use programming languages and high-tech computing systems to ensure efficient ethical hacking. These top programming languages can provide several accessible facilities and also ensure that the system is secure and performing without any compromise. In this article, we have listed the top programming languages for ethical hacking in 2022.



Python is one of the most popular and widely used programming languages in the tech industry. It is also a de-facto language for ethical hackers. Python is a dynamic programming language that is used by ethical hackers for scripting their on-demand hacking programs efficiently. Starting from testing the authenticity of corporate servers, detecting impending threats, to automating the hacking process, Python has emerged as a go-to language for ethical hackers.



Java is one of the most widely used programming languages that is widely used in IT tasks and professionals. It is a class-based, object-oriented programming language that is designed to have a low implementation dependency, hence, it is widely used by enterprises for ethical hacking purposes and tracking the risks of any future threats.



JavaScript has recently emerged as the best programming language that is used in securing web applications. Security professionals tend to use this programming language since it can manipulate front-end web components as well as their back-end counterparts. Professionals use JavaScript to hack complex web applications.



C programming language is considered to be a holy grail of modern programming languages that are extensively used for industrial purposes. The low-level nature of C provides an edge over other programming languages since it can be used for hack programming when it comes to low-level hardware components such as the RAM. The language also gives penetration testers the ability to write exponentially fast socket programming scripts. Besides, experienced security professionals also use C to simulate the library hijacking attack. 



Perl is a scripting language that can be used to handle a wide range of functionalities. System administrators and network programmers use Perl for various purposes, but especially to perform network routing operations. The professionals can also augment existing scripts to send copies of information to different locations to spread the information of data theft attempts and such others. 



Hypertext Processor or PHP is a dynamic programming language that is used widely in web and mobile applications. Most of the websites on the internet are based on CMSs like WordPress or Drupal. Integrating PHP on these websites can detect compromising networks. The skill of understanding and deploying this hacking programming language is essential for professionals wishing to develop server hacking programs. 



C++ is undoubtedly one of the best programming languages for hacking corporate software. This language is capable of providing a low level of access necessary to analyze the machine code and neglect such bypass schemes. Industry professionals who wish to crack any industry software or even build an efficient hacking program for individual professional purposes should master the skills of C++ programming.



Ruby is a web-focused programming language and is among the top languages for hacking multi-purpose corporate systems. With the help of Ruby, professionals can easily automate programs and offer super flexibility for writing scripts for hack programming. Also, the language enables efficiency while writing functional codes and chain commands. 



SQL is a vital and one of the most vital and favourite programming languages for ethical hacking professionals. SQL or Structured Query Language is used for querying and fetching information from databases. Without an in-depth understanding of SQL, professionals will be unable to counteract database attacks. 



Bash is crucial for ethical hacking purposes because it is the default command shell for Unix and Linux distributions. Bash enables the security professionals to gain access to a system, navigate through the different directories and perform configurations to elevate the security privileges of the network. 

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