Scientific development in the scientific community is described as the process by which new knowledge is produced from scientific observations, experiments and analysis. In the broadest sense, it can be considered to be an ongoing process by which knowledge that has been accumulated over time is synthesized into new scientific theories, methods, laws or concepts. It is an ongoing process with the ultimate aim being the better understanding of the world around us. To this end, large scale scientific research and development projects are implemented in order to collect more data, test new ideas, and come up with more productive results. It also involves the application of technology to advance scientific research.
As said before, scientific development takes different forms. For instance, in order to develop a new theory or concept, different processes take place. These might include the development of a working group, an experiment, the testing of new equipment or chemicals, or even the construction of a new scientific laboratory. The development of a scientific research centre might involve the development of new equipment or a lab space. All these procedures might be implemented through various stages in the development of a scientific theory or the development of a new scientific method.
There are various organisations and institutions that offer training and assistance in the scientific development of work experience for university students and post graduate students. In the US, the Laboratory science program, now known as the Leverging Research Work Experience (RWVEP), was introduced by the National Institute of Technology (NIIT), UK. The program aims at developing the skills of university students in the scientific field by providing practical experience in a hands-on environment. During the placement year, students gain important experience in the field through hands-on work and study. The Summer Out programme, also offered by NIIT, concentrates on training students for short term placements in leading research facilities.
Summer Research Fellowships is provided by the Society for the Study of Chemical Development and Control (SCCD), University of St Andrews, UK. This is a six-month placement year program for university students seeking a research degree in chemical development or management. As it does not have a full-time course, the students need to organise themselves as part-time summer job seekers. This work experience is valuable for students planning to enter a doctoral programme in Chemical Development and Control. During the six-month placement, the candidates get to work and study with renowned faculty members in their respective fields.
For candidates who have not completed their graduation with bachelor’s degrees, the Leverging Research Work Experience (LWEREX) program provides an opportunity for students to enhance their scientific research skills, while gaining work experience during the placement year. To participate in this program, candidates must be affiliated to LWEREX member institutions. LWEREX offers financial support to university students in need of financial assistance in their pursuit of professional growth in the scientific research industry.
Candidates may be able to benefit from the Leveraging Research Work Experience (lrWFE) programme which helps candidates in developing long lasting career connections with key people in the scientific research community. With the support of the National Academy of Sciences, this five-year placement year program supports students’ long-term goal of a bachelor’s degree in chemical development or management. The first two years of this process consists of coursework in biology, chemistry, and physics. In addition to these core courses, candidates can choose to participate in additional programmes that focus on leadership and management aspects of the field. Upon completion of the placement year, students will be able to enroll in master’s degrees or PhD programs in the field.
The Leveraging Research Experience also allows university students to pursue work experience while completing their studies. For the Leveraging Research Work Experience, candidates may consider a number of options that include campus placement, hands-on experience at museums and facilities, internships, and student visits to research facilities. The University of St Andrews in Scotland has also introduced the PhD in Biomedical Informatics program to address the growing needs of the academic community in genetic and human engineering technology. The program offers a dynamic understanding of the discipline and the ability to design and implement diagnostic and data gathering procedures in biotechnology. Students will learn about genetic algorithms, developmental biology, and molecular biology. A master’s degree can be obtained in a year while the PhD takes approximately five years.
It has been reported that the UK scientific research industry is experiencing a boom, with an estimated investment of nearly nine billion pounds. This growing industry aims to improve global competitiveness and create better solutions for society. According to the ESOL (esthetic surgical and medical science) Survey, there is a growing need for specialists in the area of development. However, there are some areas that are experiencing a shortage of qualified personnel. The graduate recruitment service at Imperial College London addresses the issues associated with this by offering highly competitive graduate recruitment for talented scientists who are looking to begin a career in scientific research.